1. White Oil:
White oil is used to coat your plants and suffocate any residual pests that might be there; including aphids, mites and scale. Its been used in varying forms for years 100s of years. So it is tested true.
Take an empty jar or plastic bottle, pour in a cup of ordinary cooking oil and ¼ cup of dishwashing liquid. Give it a good shake – you’ll see it turn white. That’s your white oil concentrate.
Label the container with the correct dilution rate – ‘one tablespoon per litre of water’.
2. Fungal spray
3.5 L Water
0.5 teaspoon (mild) liquid soap
1 tablespoon baking soda
NB. This needs to be used straight away as it cannot keep.
Don’t spray in the heat of the day and make sure the plants have been watered a few days before application.
3. Weed spray
There are simple ways to make your own weed spray which will be better than using glysophate which is a very harsh chemical for the environment AND for humans and animals. It should have been banned twenty years ago. There are many variations to DIY weed spray. Depending on area of the weeds – you can use salt, however, you don’t want to use too much salt, because that can lead to salinity issues and mucking up water tables. However, if you have pesky weeds in your paths, then douse away with salt; boiling water or vinegar.
There is a combination weed spray which is very useful.
1 cup Vinegar
1 cup salt
1-2 tablespoons of dish soap
Make sure salt is dissolved. And then spray.
Insects attack plants and sometimes this result in other problems like sooty mould – scales or chlorosis. There is a plethora of chemical controls. However, with Chemistry disappearing in the pesticide world, it would be better to use something organic. Especially for sucking and chewing insects, there are many biological controls. The following two are described.
- White Oil
White oil suffocates insects and disables eggs from hatching. It works well on many insects including aphids, scale, mealy bugs, mites and citrus leaf minor. There is petroleum based oils which are bought from your local gardening centre or there is the homemade white oil which works just as well, as a fraction of the cost. The recipe of this can be found in Organic Recipes for your Garden.
2. Lady bugs
Lady bugs are the natural predator of aphids and scale. However, if you haven’t any vision of these insects, chances are they are not around. Planting species which attract lady bugs is a good idea. Calendula, Caraway, chives, dill, fennel and marigold are all good plants to attract the black and red insect.